Nobel Prize in Medicine 1901-2008
1901 – Emil Adolf von Behring – specific serum treatment of diphtheria and its contribution to development “hormonal theory of immunity
1902 – Ronald Ross – work in highlighting the role of malaria transmitting mosquitoes source
1903 – Niels Ryberg Finsen – Treatment with light rays concentrated and cooled, especially in lupus
1904 – Ivan Pavlov – The works of the physiology of digestion
1905 – Robert Koch – The discovery of the tuberculosis pathogen
1906 – Camillo Golgi, Santiago Ramon y Cajal – Research on the structure of the nervous system
1907 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran – Discovering the role of protozoa to produce disease
1908 – Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov – Discovery phagocytosis and development “phagocytic theory of immunity”
– Paul Ehrlich – works in the field of immunology and chemotherapy of syphilis
1909 – Emil Theodor Kocher – works in the field of physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland
1910 – Albrecht Kossel – works on protein and nucleoprotein constituents of cell
1911 – Allvar Gullstrand – Works eye dioptric
1912 – Alexis Carrel – Works on vascular structure and blood vessels and organ transplantation.
1913 – Charles Robert Richet – The discovery of anaphylaxis, a particular case of immune phenomena.
1914 – Robert Barany – Works of physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus
1919 – Jules Bordet – Findings related to immunity
1920 – August Krogh – discovery mechanism regulating capillary circulation and gas exchange in the lung.
1922 – Archibald Vivian Hill – Explain the process of muscle energy production
Otto Fritz Meyerhof – Works on oxygen consumption and metabolism of lactic acid in muscles.
1923 – Frederick Banting and John James Richard Macleod – The contribution to the discovery and introduction of insulin therapy
-William 1924 Einthoven – discovery mechanism electrocardiogram
1926 – Johannes Fibiger – Discovery spiropter carcinoma.
1927 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg – Use malarioterapiei in general paralysis
1928 – Charles Nicolle – epidemiology research on typhus.
1929 – Christiaan Eijkman – The discovery of vitamin antinevritice.
Frederick Gowland Hopkins – The discovery of vitamins stimulating growth.
1930 – Karl Landsteiner – The discovery of blood groups.
1931 -Otto Heinrich Warburg – Discovery respiratory ferment
1932 – Charles Scott Sherrington and Edgar Douglas Adrian – Discoveries on neuronal function.
1933 – Thomas Hunt Morgan – The discovery of the role of chromosomes in heredity.
1934 – George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy – Discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anemia.
1935 – Hans Spemann – Discovering effect “organizer” in embryo development.
1936 – Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi – Finds the chemical transmission of nerve
1937 – Albert Szent-Gyorgyi – Highlighting mechanism of biological processes of oxidation and decomposition of vitamin C
1938 – Corneille Heymans – Discovering the role of the sino-aortic mechanisms in the regulation of breathing.
1939 – Gerhard Domagk – Study sulphonamides.
1943 – Henrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy – discovery of vitamin K
1944 – Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gasser – Discoveries on highly differentiated functions of nerve fibers Elementary
1945 – Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Howard Walter Florey – The discovery of penicillin and its therapeutic action in various infectious diseases.
1946 – Hermann Joseph Muller – Creating radiogeneticii and study of mutations produced by X-rays
1947 – Carl Fedinand Cori, Gerty Cori – The discovery of the mechanism of glycogen biosynthesis.
Bernardo Houssay – The discovery of the role of hormone anterior pituitary lobe in the metabolism of sugar.
1948 – Paul Hermann Muller – The discovery of DDT as an insecticide product efficacy Contact
1949 – Walter Rudolf Hess – The discovery of the role of the hypothalamus in coordination of internal organs
Egas Moniz – The discovery of the therapeutic value of lobotomies in certain psychoses.
1950 – Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeusz Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench – Findings on adrenal cortical hormones, their structure and biological action.
1951 – Max Theiler – The discovery of yellow fever virus and its combat
1952 – Selman Waksman – The discovery of streptomycin, an antibiotic effective against tuberculosis.
1953 – Fritz Albert Lipmann – The discovery of coenzyme A and its importance in intermediary metabolism
Hans Adolf Krebs – Discovery tricarboxylic cycle that occurs in redox processes at the cellular level
1954 – John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, Frederick Chapman Robbins – Discovery possibility to cultivate poliomyelitis viruses in tissue types.
1955 – Hugo Theorell – Discovery mode of action of oxidizing enzymes.
1956 – Andre Frederic Cournand, Werner Forssmann and Dickinson W. Richards – Discoveries on the cardiac catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system.
1957 – Daniel Bovet – synthesis of compounds of different antihistamines and muscle relaxants.
1958 – George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg – works in the field of molecular genetics
Joshua Lederberg – Findings related to the recombination of the genetic material of bacteria.
1959 – Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg – discovery mechanism biosynthesis of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA) and their role in heredity.
1960 – Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Medawar – The discovery of immunological tolerance and its explanation
1961 – Georg von Békésy – Discovering the physical mechanism of stimulation of cochlear bands
1962 – Francis Crick, James D. Watson, Maurice Wilkins – Discovering DNA
1963 – John Carew Eccles, Andrew Huxley, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin – Discovery of ionic mechanisms involved in inhibition Portun ecitarea and peripheral and central nerve cell membrane
1964 – Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen – Discovery mecanismnului biochemical synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids
1965 – Andre Lwoff, Jacques Monod, Francois Jacob – their works on the genetic regulation of protein synthesis in the living cell
1966 – Peyton Rous – The discovery of carcinogenic viruses.
Charles Brenton Huggins – Discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostate cancer.
1967 – Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald – Discoveries on physiological and chemical visual processes fundamental
1968 – Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Har Gobind Khorana – contribution to the discovery of the genetic code.
Robert W. Holley – Success “reading” for the first time the complete sequence of nucleotizilor a soluble RNA molecules.
1969 – Max Delbruck, Alfred Hershey and Salvador Luria – Discoveries on neurotransmitter substances and mechanism of storage, release, and their inactivation
1970 – Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod – Discovery of ionic mechanisms involved in inhibition Portun ecitarea and peripheral and central nerve cell membrane
1971 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr. – Discoveries in the mechanisms of action of hormones
1972 -Gerald Edelman, Rodney Robert Porter – The discovery of the structure of antibody (immunoglobulin molecule)
1973 – Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen – Studies on animal behavior, which open perspectives of psychiatry, psychosomatic medicine and applied ecology.
1974 – Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George Emil Palade – The findings of cellular infrastructure, especially ribosomes, instead of deciphering the message hereditary and protein biosynthesis.
1975 – David Baltimore, Howard Martin Temin, Renato Dulbecco – study the interaction between nucleic acids of viruses and cancer cell genome
1976 – Baruch Samuel Blumberg, Daniel Carleton Gajdusek – The discovery of new mechanisms of origin and dissemination of infectious diseases
2007 – Mario Capecchi, Sir Martin Evans, Oliver Smithies – for research on genetic modifications performed on mice body through stem cells.
2008 – Harald zur Hausen, Francoise Barre-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier – For the discovery that human papilloma virus causes cervical cancer, for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus